The Highways and Engineering Division prepares projects for bidding and coordinates highway construction through two primary functions: Preconstruction and Construction. Specific Preconstruction functions are administered by the Bridge, Consultant Design, Engineering Information Services, Environmental Services, Highways, Right-of-Way, and Traffic and Safety bureaus in addition to five District Construction Offices in Billings, Butte, Great Falls, Glendive, and Missoula for budget purposes. Specific Construction functions are administered by the Construction Contracting Bureau, Construction Engineering Services, Construction Administration Services, and Materials.
The Preconstruction Program involves planning and developing the details of construction projects. This includes determining the location and design features, conducting public hearings and working with local officials, acquiring property for right-of-way and processing contracts up to the time they are awarded to private contractors.
The Construction Program coordinates all activities connected with highway construction. This includes bid preparation and letting, developing policies and specifications, resolving construction problems, and approving payments for construction work.
The Montana Department of Transportation's Engineering Operations Bureau maintains, administers, and supports the Division’s many software systems such as; AASHTOWare Project, Computer Aided Design, Project Scheduling and many others. The Bureau also includes the Research Section which provides research project management, experimental project management, library services and knowledge & technology transfer services for the entire Department. The Bureau includes business analysis and project management services for implementation of innovative solutions for the benefit of the program and the agency. The training unit provides training and support for many of the software systems and training support for Helena and District staff within the Construction Program.